The great mission that Jesus Christ gave to His church is to proclaim His Name to the people of the world (Matthew 28:18-19). The church is called to be outward looking, making known the Name of Jesus as the Saviour of the world (John 3:16). The church is to be the light of the world from which the truth of the gospel and the hope of salvation in Jesus Christ is to radiate out into the darkness of the world. (Matthew 5:14)
Although the purpose of all mission work is to make the Name of Christ known to the world, we often distinguish between Home Mission and Foreign Mission. Home Mission refers to the task of the local church within its own community. Within the community where the Lord had gathered us, there is a great need to witness to the hope of salvation in Jesus Christ. Since the Lord has given such a rich blessing to us, there must also be a great desire to share that blessing with those not as fortunate.
Home Mission can also refer to organized mission work on a local level. Such mission work can target a segment of the city or it may reach out to a certain ethnic group. Home Mission may also involve radio broadcasts that reach out to the community at large.
Foreign Mission is the support of mission work done in other nations. Foreign mission identifies a certain area of the world for mission work. A missionary will be sent to that mission field by the church and under the blessing of God a church is gathered. It is Christ’s mandate that the gospel is to go out to the ends of the world and then he will return on the last day (Matthew 24:14). Therefore the church must be busy working towards that day of the return of Jesus Christ.